Oneonta, not to be confused with the New York city of the same name, is the county seat of Blount County, Alabama. As of the 2010 census, Oneonta had a population just under 6,600. Named after Oneonta, New York, Oneonta has had an operating post office since 1889.

Educationally, Oneonta is home to Oneonta Elementary School, Oneonta Middle School and Oneonta High School. The city also hosts the annual Covered Bridge Festival, the Blount County Memorial Museum and Palisades Park.

The mayor of Oneonta is Ross Norris. Mr. Norris presides over a city council comprised of Hal Blackwood, Mark Gargus, Danny Robinson, Tim McNair and Tonya H. Rogers. The city manager is Bartholomew Stevens and the city clerk is Tammie Noland.

WCRL 1570 AM is a popular radio station in Oneonta, and notable residents include Osmond Ingram and Steve Patton. Oneonta experienced a 17.8% increase in its population between the years of 2000 and 2010.

The Blount County Courthouse is located at 220 2nd Avenue E., in Oneonta, Alabama, 35121/