Birmingham is the county seat of Jefferson County and the largest city in the state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, Birmingham had a population just over 212,000, while the Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population just over 1.28 million. A combination of three rural towns, Birmingham was founded in 1871 by the Elyton Land Company.
Nicknamed “The Magic City” and “The Pittsburgh of the South,” Birmingham was a major economic player in the Deep South throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Boasting an expansive economy, Birmingham is now home to numerous companies in a wide variety of fields, from banking and telecommunications to transportation and health care. Educationally, Birmingham is home to the University of Alabama, Samford University, Birmingham-Southern College and Miles College (the latter three are each private).
The city of Birmingham stretches into Jones Valley and is bookended by Appalachian foothills. Birmingham is also located near Red Mountain, Shades Mountain, Sand Mountain and Ruffner Mountain. Notable suburbs of Birmingham include Hoover, Vestavia Hills, Alabaster, Bessemer, Homewood, Pelham, Trussville, Mountain Brook, Helena, Talladega and Jasper.
In terms of arts and culture, Birmingham is home to the Birmingham Museum of Art, the Alabama Theatre, the Alys Stephens Center for the Performing Arts, the Birmingham-Jefferson Convention Complex, the Birmingham Children’s Theatre, Carver Theatre, Boutwell Auditorium and Oak Mountain Amphitheater. The city also boasts the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, the Southern Museum of Flight, the McWane Science Center and the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.
Birmingham’s sister cities include Hitachi (Japan), Gweru (Zimbabwe), Szekesfehervar (Hungary), Pomigliano d’Arco (Italy), Vinnytsia (Ukraine), Anshan (China), Plzen (Czech Republic), Liverpool (U.K.), Al Karak (Jordan), Winneba (Ghana), Guediawaye (Senegal), Rosh HaAyin (Israel), Maebashi (Japan), Chaoyang District (China) and Coban (Guatemala).
The Jefferson County Courthouse is located at 716 Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd N., in Birmingham, Alabama, 35203.